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Sections on the Legal Basis of Physical Education and Sports

November 29, 2022

Recognizing that physical education, physical activity and sport can be enriched by responsible implementation in a natural environment and that this awakens respect for the planet`s resources and commitment to the conservation and use of these resources for the benefit of humanity, 2.6 For society as a whole, Physical education, physical activity and sport can lead to significant health, social and economic benefits. An active lifestyle helps prevent heart disease, diabetes, cancer, obesity and ultimately reduce premature death. In addition, it reduces healthcare costs, increases productivity, and strengthens civic engagement and social cohesion. 12.2. International cooperation and partnerships should be used to effectively promote the important contributions of physical education, physical activity and sport to social and economic development at international, regional and national levels, while supporting and sharing relevant research and knowledge. 2.5 Physical education, physical activity and sport can contribute to the prevention and rehabilitation of those at risk of drug abuse, alcohol and tobacco abuse, crime, exploitation and abject poverty. Physical education is physical fitness and skill training that engages psychomotor learning to promote that physical condition. It is education through physical activity for the entire development of a person`s body and mind. It was once excluded in most societies, giving more importance to literacy. But once literacy became widespread, it was included in school curricula because people knew that fitness helped the mind. In the West, people have developed an educational system for physical education.

And as more and more public schools used these education systems, physical education joined the bachelor`s degree program, majoring at Columbia University in 1901 and later elsewhere. 1.4 Equal opportunities at all levels of supervision and decision-making in the areas of physical education, physical activity and sport, whether for recreation, health promotion or performance, is a right of every girl and woman that must be actively enforced. 9.2 Safety and risk management require all stakeholders to strive to free physical education, physical activity and sport from practices that restrict or harm participants, spectators and educators, especially the most vulnerable groups in society such as children, young people, the elderly, women, persons with disabilities, migrants and indigenous peoples. Harmful practices include discrimination, racism, homophobia, bullying, doping and manipulation, deprivation of education, excessive education of children, sexual exploitation, human trafficking and violence. 12.1. Through international cooperation and partnership, all parties concerned should put physical education, physical activity and sport at the service of development, peace, solidarity and friendship among individuals, communities and nations. Emphasizing that physical education, physical activity and sport should aim to promote the strengthening of human ties, solidarity, mutual respect and understanding, as well as respect for the integrity and dignity of every human being, 1.7 Any education system must give physical education, physical activity and sport the necessary place and importance to find a balance and strengthen the links between strengthening physical activities and other components of education. It must also ensure that inclusive and quality physical education is preferably included daily as a compulsory part of primary and secondary education, and that sport and physical activity play an essential role in the daily lives of children and young people at school and in all other educational institutions. Recognising that physical education, physical activity and sport can bring various individual and societal benefits, such as health, social and economic development, youth empowerment, reconciliation and peace, 3.1. Strategic visions of physical education, physical activity and sport are prerequisites for balancing and maximising the impact of policy options and priorities at different levels. 11.1 Sport for development and peace initiatives should focus on eradicating poverty and strengthening democracy, human rights, security, a culture of peace and non-violence, dialogue and conflict resolution, tolerance and non-discrimination, social inclusion, gender equality, rule of law, sustainability, environmental awareness, health, education and the role of civil society.

5.1 Providers of physical education, physical exercise and sport and organisers of sports events must take into account the fundamental principle of sustainability, whether economic, social, ecological or sport, when planning, implementing and evaluating their activities. 8.2 Public authorities, sports organisations, schools and other institutions managing facilities at all levels should collaborate in the design, provision and optimisation of the use of facilities, facilities and equipment for physical education, physical activity and sport, taking into account the opportunities and conditions of the natural environment. 11.3 Sport for development and peace initiatives should be inclusive and sensitive to culture, gender, age and disability, and include strong monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. They should promote local ownership of projects and embody the same principles of sustainability and integrity as other initiatives in the fields of physical education, physical activity and sport. 1.6 Everyone should have the opportunity to achieve a level of performance appropriate to their abilities and interests through physical education, physical activity and sport.